What Are Transosteal Implants?

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Dental implants prove to be a great solution for those who have lost their teeth due to accident or with age. One can gain back their lost smile and confidence by replacing their damaged and missing teeth with dental implants. The implants are made from titanium metal and are inserted into the patient’s jawbone underneath the gum tissue that serves as an anchor for the artificial teeth.

Transosteal Implant Anatomy

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The transosteal implant is mainly used in the lower or the mandible jaw. The transosteal implant is inserted into the jaw bone of the patient after U-shaped metal frames, or metal pins are inserted into the bone and the alveolar sockets. It is followed by the placing of the artificial teeth on top.

Significance

The transosteal implants are inserted with the help of a metal frame in the shape of the letter U in the lower jaw. On the other hand, if metal pins are used instead of the u-shaped metal plate, the individual pins are stabilized with the help of a metal plate located at the base of the jaw. The term “transosteal” has a literal meaning that stands for “through the bone.”

Why are such implants not in use these days?

The year 1953 marked the beginning of the transosteal implant that designed in two distinct models. Both of these models of the implant makes the use of the metal base plate. 

The Transosteal implants are known for its less than impressive success rate in the long run. It is known for complications that could result in instances of discomfort to the patient. The success rate of any implant rests upon the following facts.

  • Less than 1 mm movement of the implant in any direction
  • There is less than 1/3 loss of vertical height of the bone by the patient
  • No visible signs of damage or infection to the surrounding tissue or teeth
  • The implant is functioning properly for at least five years

There are a number of complications that patients with Transosteal implants suffer from and they include implant site infection, gingival hyperplasia, crestal bone loss. All of these are observed complications according to the University of Minnesota. On top of that, the procedure is known to cause excruciating pain along with extensive tissue scarring in the patient that underwent surgery.

Patients with Transosteal Implants

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Individuals who underwent transosteal implant surgery should undergo periodic medical health evaluation from their dental specialists. It is of utmost importance to maintain optimum oral hygiene in case no other visible signs of complications is seen or felt at the moment to avert future complications. Daily brushing of teeth using medicated toothpaste, followed by gargling with alcohol containing mouthwash and flossing before bed should be the daily oral hygiene routine.

The endosteal implant has replaced the transosteal implant. The endosteal implant makes the use of a procedure that is designed to avert the issues related to transosteal implants altogether. The success rate and overall longevity of the endosteal implants are much higher than the transosteal implant.

Conclusion

Patients that underwent procedures for inserting the transosteal implant in their jaw should regularly visit their dental specialist for a medical evolution of the current state of the dental implant. The best course of action for a person with a transoteal implant that has no issues with the same is to maintain a strict routine to avert future complications. Plaque and bacteria are the two major contributors in causing problems with dental implants in the first place. With the rise in dental implant and medical procedure costs, it is strongly advised to maintain perfect and strict oral health for avoiding oral problems altogether.

Future of Preventive Dentistry

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Preventive dentistry refers to the task of taking care of the teeth and oral hygiene, as a whole to prevent dental problems such as cavities, sensitivity, gum diseases, etc. It includes practices such as regular brushing, routine dental checkups and dental cleanings among others. Inculcating habits for proper oral hygiene also come a long way in ensuring strong, clean, white and healthy teeth. 

Current Stage in Preventive Dentistry:

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In its present stage, Preventive Dentistry has been able to bring to light that almost 90% of adults experience dental caries before they attain the age of 30 years. Dental caries is a term used for localized, transmissible, bacterial infections that attack and damage the enamel and reach up to the layer of the dentine by the production of some kinds of acid which reacts on the surface of the teeth.

Following are the interrelated factors that influence the development of dental caries:

  • Diet consisting of refined carbohydrates and its repeated digestion
  • Decreased resistance to diseases
  • Time is a primary criterion in the development of caries
  • Presence of a specific bacteria in the dental plaque

Achievements in the field Of Preventive Dentistry:

Source: dentistry.uic.edu

One of the latest achievements in the field of Preventive Dentistry has been the development of probiotic toothpaste. It is made by artificially synthesizing probiotic from lactobacillus strain. According to the mechanism of probiotic bacteria, hostile bacterial flora achieves equilibrium by mechanically eliminating the cariogenic bacteria from the mouth. Regular use of the probiotic toothpaste was able to reduce the number of cariogenic bacteria, Lactobacilli and Streptococci found in the individual’s system. This innovation has managed to reduce dental caries in high-risk groups by balancing the bacterial flora present in the oral cavity.

Expected Developments in the Future:

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  • Intra Oral Cameras – It allows the dentist to show the patient the areas that are affected by certain dental problems and demonstrate how he/she proposes to go about the treatment procedure. It is much more advanced, as compared to radiography. It can show and record images of small decay areas, cracks, a condition of the fillings, stains on the teeth, an appearance of the gums, etc.
  • 3D Scanner – This technology not only increases the comfort of the patient but also increases the accuracy required in this procedure. It makes dental impressions redundant as scanning of the teeth is done. Moreover, the scanner is capable of seamlessly blending the shade of the teeth to the adjacent tooth structure. It gives the teeth a natural look and allows the patient to get used to it more readily.   
  • Dental Diode Lasers – This laser can be used to cut or contour the gums and other soft tissues, hence, they are also known as soft tissue lasers. They are used to improve the patient’s comfort and reduce the time taken to heal.
  • Air Abrasions – This technique dismisses the need for painful injections and drilling. It refers to a process of removal of dental caries by the use of pumice powder. This revolutionary technique reduces the pain that is usually experienced by patients due to drilling.
  • Diagnostic Camera – It helps to distinguish between healthy and infected teeth using the scientific principle of auto – fluorescence. It detects small areas of teeth decay even before they are visible on an X-ray. By helping to monitor minor defects, this technology becomes increasingly important for preventive and minimally invasive dentistry which tries to avoid filling and drilling. 
  • Digital X-rays – Digital X- rays reduce exposure to radiation by 50%. It is possible to magnify the images for proper diagnosis and the results are instantly obtainable. Moreover, the images can be saved in a file and sent to the doctor to be viewed and studied without any trouble.  

10 Common Dental Problems You Need to Know

Source: revistavisiondental.net

 

Owing to regular intake of food items and our teeth playing the most important role when it comes to consumption of food, they are prone to get damaged over time. It is important to take the right care that ensures limited damage. Knowing some of the possible problems can definitely help in taking the desired care. 

  1. Erosion – Acid acts on the topmost layer of the teeth known as the enamel. It causes the erosion of this layer which leads to damage of the structure of the teeth. It is common among people who are in the habit of having junk food and soda based soft drinks. It exposes the inner layers within the structure making the teeth susceptible to other infections. Sensitivity and cracking of teeth are common symptoms associated with erosion.

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2. Bad Breath – Halitosis is the medical term used for bad breath. Studies have shown that almost 85% of the people who complain about having bad breath owe it to dental problems such as bacterial infection on the tongue, oral cancer, dry mouth, etc. Using mouth wash or mouth fresheners is just a way to cover up the odor rather than treating the real cause.

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3. Gum Disease – An infection of the gum, surrounding the teeth is known as periodontal disease. It is a major reason behind the loss of teeth. People affected by diabetes, dry mouth, smoking and those above the age of 30 years are more prone to this disease. Its symptoms include sensitive teeth and swollen, red, bleeding gums along with bad breath and pain while chewing.

Source: greatsmiles.org

 

4. Cavities – It is also known as tooth decay. It occurs when acid formed by the combination of, plaque and sticky substances that form on the teeth along with sugar and starches from the food; attacks the enamel of the teeth and erodes it. It results in the formation of a small hole which provides easy access to micro organisms that can harm the teeth.

5. Sensitivity – It refers to an experience of pain and discomfort to the teeth on the consumption of food or drinks that are sweet, cold or hot. Weather conditions may also cause such an effect as the teeth may be sensitive to hot or cold air as well. It poses as a problem while eating, drinking, talking or even brushing. Sensitivity can also be understood as a sign of a tooth abscess or a cracked tooth. It may lead to loss of tooth or an infection.

Source: blog.gentechdentist.com

 

6. Oral Cancer – This is a life threatening disease which is induced due to excessive consumption of alcohol or tobacco use. Other who might run a risk of falling prey to this disease includes those who have a sexually transmitted wart virus known as HPV. The symptoms observed are difficulty in chewing or moving the tongue or the jaw, as well as, sores, lumps and rough areas in the mouth.

7. Temporomandibular Joint Disorder Such a disorder refers to a dysfunction of a joint which is found just above the jawbone and below the ears. People who are prone to stress suffer from this disorder. Also women, during their child bearing years are known to have this disorder. It results in grinding or clenching of teeth while sleeping. It wears away the surface of the teeth and pain in the jaw, face and neck. People have earaches and headaches because of the constant pressure and tension exerted on the muscles, even while sleeping.

Source: allergiesandhealth.com

 

8. Mouth Sores – Mouth sores appear and heal on their own within a few days. There are different types of sores. Canker sores are found inside the mouth; they are not contagious and heal within two weeks. Fever blisters or cold sores occur on the edge of the outer lips. They are caused by the Herpes Simplex virus and are contagious. They occur from time to time but cannot be cured completely. Oral thrush is due to yeast infection of the mouth. It is seen in people who wear dentures, diabetics and infants.

9. Tooth Aches – Tooth aches can be overbearing and extremely painful. Although it can be avoided by taking proper care of the teeth, sometimes they may be due to sudden accidents or trauma. Cases of dislocated jaw lines, broken or cracked teeth need immediate medical attention to avoid further complications.

10. Bad Appearance – This includes wrong alignment of the teeth, discolored enamel and other such issues. Although, these can be avoided as they do not affect the health of the individual, they can be the reason why some people may be unhappy with their appearance. Teeth whitening, dental implants and other cosmetic dental work can be done to improve such conditions.     

Gum Problems: Sore, Swollen, And Bleeding Gums

Source: womenshealthmag.com

People equate dental health with teeth and cavities only. Hey, it’s not the only part of the mouth that needs oral hygiene and maintenance. The gums are important too, you know. If you fail to keep it healthy, there will be serious gum problems involved like sore, swollen and bleeding gums. This can lead to serious gum diseases when left untended.

 

Gums and Brushing Techniques

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When you’re brushing, it’s not just for the teeth. The gums are also affected when you brush your pearly whites. If you don’t know the proper way of brushing, then, there’s a possibility that you might be hitting your gums which can cause bleeding. Gums are very fragile and delicate. It can easily be damaged.

 

You have to choose a soft-bristled toothbrush. It doesn’t matter if it’s manual or electric – just pick out a brush that has soft and rounded bristles. Those medium or hard bristles on toothbrushes can shave off the tooth’s enamel. Be very picky when you buy one. 

 

Remember to be gentle when brushing your teeth. “Massage” the teeth and gums with your toothbrush in circular cues. If you do the “push and pull” type of brushing, it will irritate the gums and it is possible for it to get sore and swell. It can also cause gingivitis in the long run. 

 

All it takes is two minutes to complete your brushing ritual. In a day, you only need to brush up to three times. Out of 1,440 minutes in a day, you only need to use 6 minutes of that for brushing your teeth and gums. It is very minimal.

 

Gums and Flossing Techniques

 

Improper flossing can also be detrimental for your oral health. The gums can get bruised easily and this bruising will manifest as painful gums with a bit of inflammation. This swelling can take up to four days to heal when the injury is minor. What if it was severe? It can last for more than seven days and that is very excruciating to endure.

 

Be very careful when you use the dental floss. It is a very powerful tool in getting rid of food stuck in between the teeth. If the food is not removed, this can rot and mature into cavities. Cavities can also promote gum problems since bacteria love to strike on people with poor mouth hygiene.

 

Slide the floss in between the teeth. Don’t force it up and down – take the food bits out carefully. Just let it follow the curves of your teeth. The gums might bleed if you are rough. You can get hurt even if you don’t feel it. Be patient while doing this. It won’t take 2 minutes of your time.

 

Gum Diseases

 

In the US, about 75% of adults aged 35 and over have some type of gum or periodontal disease. Most of these people have gingivitis, but up to 10%of the population have periodontitis – it is a very severe type of gum disease. This can lead to death of the gums since this disease promotes necrosis. The bone structure of the teeth becomes weak and the soft tissues of the gums will then rot.

 

Risks of Gum Diseases

 

People who don’t take the time and neglect caring for their oral health are almost certain to contract a gum disease. If you don’t brush and floss, the food stuck in between the teeth will attract bacteria and it can form cavities. Cavities will destroy your teeth and will also bring forth another mouth problem – the plaque. 

 

If the plaque is not removed by the dentist (plaque can’t be brushed off), then, expect some kind of gum inflammation. It will be painful, sore and swollen. Sometimes, the gums will bleed. 

 

There are also times when you won’t feel your bleeding gums and this is alarming because you’re not aware that there is a gum problem. When gums bleed, that means gingivitis. You can reverse this gum disease, if it’s still in the early stages, by properly cleaning your teeth, gums and tongue at least twice a day. When the gums recede, that’s a big oral health threat. 

How to Prevent Gum Problems

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  1. Brush your teeth at least two times daily. Remember the brushing technique.
  2. Floss after every meal. Remember the flossing technique.
  3. Don’t forget to swish your mouth with some mouthwash – it can kill bacteria.
  4. Eat healthily. Consume foods rich in Vitamin C and Calcium.
  5. Water therapy is the best.
  6. Never ever smoke.
  7. Be careful in drinking too hot or too cold drinks. It can disrupt your gum health. 
  8. De-stress and relax. If you’re stressed out, the body will release a hormone that can induce gum inflammation.

 

You can always talk to your dentist about your oral health concerns. There are also times when your dental issues can bring about other issues. If you need someone to talk to, you can have a stranger chat session with experts from this site. You can speak with people in there regarding your dental concerns or any other personal distress for that matter. 

4 Types of Dental Crowns and Their Benefits

The different dental procedures that a dentist performs on his patients depend and vary on the condition of their teeth. However, cavity fillings, teeth cleaning, plaque removal are some of the most commonly practiced dental procedures, more sophisticated techniques that involve extensive knowledge and expertise are also gaining popularity these days.

Other than complex procedures like wisdom tooth extraction and root canals, dental crown placement is also a popular and readily accepted solution by the patients for their dental problems. It is crucial to get familiar with the functions of a dental crown before going into the details of the different types of dental crowns.

What are Dental Crowns?

Source: 3vdental.com

A prosthetic attachment that is placed on top of a damaged tooth with the help of dental cement is called as Dental Crown. It is also popularly known as a dental cap that can only be removed, repaired or replaced by a professional once it is in place.

The sole purpose of a dental crown is to protect and cover a decayed or damaged tooth. It also adds to the strength of the tooth by improving its overall alignment in the mouth of the patient and enhancing its overall appearance.

Dental crowns are custom made for each and every patient because every person’s teeth are different from the other, even if they are related. The customization process starts by collecting the dental impression of the patient on either hard or soft impression materials. Before the placement of the tooth crown, the dentist first reduces the size of the tooth or teeth for the proper fitting of the crown on the same. It is also a common practice to place a temporary crown on top of the affected tooth before the permanent crown is being custom made.

What Are The Benefits of Dental Crowns?

There are various benefits of getting a damaged tooth repaired with the help of a custom made crown. Not only it helps in strengthening a damaged tooth, but also it can be used as a cosmetic enhancement to refine the overall appearance of a person’s smile, dental alignment, the shape of the tooth/teeth and dental occlusion as well.

Accidental loss of teeth leaves behind gaps that may cause the remaining teeth to fall out of alignment and lose their overall natural shape. The loss of natural alignment of teeth could lead to a bad bite. Crowns and other dental implants are extensively used to prevent such incidents from happening.

What Are The Different Types of Crowns?

Given below are the types of dental crowns with their brief description:

  1. Ceramic Dental Crowns – are used extensively for the restoration of front teeth in individuals. These dental crowns are very prevalent among the patients due to the ability of these implants to blend in with the natural color of the teeth. These dental crowns are made from porcelain-based materials.

dentistryintacoma.com

 

2. Metal Fused with Porcelain – crowns are used mostly due to the strong bond between porcelain and the metal base structure. These crowns are also famous for their enhanced durability.

3. Gold alloys Dental Crowns – are made by mixing copper, gold and other metals. Not only these dental crowns are known for providing the affected tooth with enhanced protection and support but also for extended durability. These dental crowns don’t wear away with time/use and don’t fracture.

Source: glidewelldental.com

 

4. Base Metal Alloy Dental Crowns – are made from metals that have high resistance to corrosion and mechanical wear. It is also most extensively used and preferred by the dentists around the world as it requires the minimal removal of healthy tooth enamel before the placing of the crown.

 

Robotic Dentistry and Its Future

Source: dayoftherobot.com

Robotic dentistry adopts the use of mechanical arms that help to perform dental surgeries. The equipment’s design attaches surgical tools to the arms. The joints of the arm permit maximum flexibility to conduct the surgery with precision. The joints also allow the machine to replicate the actions of the human wrist. The system includes a computer console as well as a camera fixed to one of the arms. To synchronize the movement of the surgeon with the robotic arm, two hand and finger control devices are also present. The surgeon gains access to detailed images of the nerves and tissues located at the site of the surgery through a 3D monitor that displays the images captured by the camera. Precision and efficiency are the primary characteristics of this field of dentistry.      

Areas where Robotic Dentistry can be applied:

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  • Implants – Robotic dentistry can restore missing teeth through cosmetic solutions. Use of mobile prosthetic work is not needed. It also supports the bridges as it does not grind the adjacent healthy teeth.
  • Inlays and Onlays – Robotics provides cosmetic alternatives to substances like gold, resin and amalgam. The ceramic inlays and outlays are lasting and of superior quality.
  • Veneers – They are extremely thin ceramic layers that are placed directly on the front surface of the teeth. They are placed with immense precision by the use of robotic dentistry.
  • Crowns and Bridges – Ceramic crowns and bridges are better suited for restoration in the upper and lower jaws. This solution is advisable for teeth that suffer from critical damage.

Benefits of Robotic Dentistry:

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  • Recovery Speed – Recovery period is much shorter as compared to other methods. Prosthetic restoration takes just one session.
  • Painless – There is no need for the use of anesthesia in such procedures. It ensures painless sessions and allows the person to go about their activities without any hassle.
  • Conservative Grinding – The process is undertaken with utmost care to limit the grinding of the adjacent healthy teeth. Conservative grinding acts as a safeguard against necrosis of the pulp.
  • Natural Teeth – The exact structure and physical properties of the teeth are taken into consideration to produce a perfect replica of the original teeth. It provides the individual with natural looking teeth and avoids any feeling of discomfort.
  • Avoidance of anesthesia – Often, anesthesia is not given because the process is any way painless. It steers away from the numbness that anesthesia creates. Use of high power anesthetics is limited.
  • Aesthetics – Robotics pays a lot of attention to the appearance, color and alignment of teeth. The work done is efficient and precise to ensure natural looking teeth.
  • Accuracy – This treatment does not result in periodontal irritation. It works with high levels of accuracy that ensures a perfect fit.
  • Ceramic Restoration – The ceramic material is used instead of any kind of metal. This material is durable and gives the desired natural look to the teeth.
  • Fast results – Since the recovery period for treatments under robotic dentistry are shorter compared to others, the patient can get back to normal activities of life faster. In other cases the patient is expected to modify his/her diets to give the replacement adequate time to fix itself and integrate into the individual’s dental system.

Future of Robotic Dentistry:

Source: popularmechanics.com

 

  • Making robots available in sizes as small as micro organisms to administer anesthesia if needed
  • Clearer imaging to improve efficiency
  • Develop mechanisms that will give higher priority to the safety of the patient
  • The equipments developed in the future must be more portable and cost effective as well
  • Better technical skills must be provided to the dentists and other professional who will be using these equipments, because their knowledge is indispensible in the field of robotic dentistry   

Benefits of Dental Implants

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Dental implants are replacements for the roots of the tooth that might be missing. They are surgical fixtures that are allowed to fuse with the bone, a few months after placing them into the jaw bone. It acts an artificial tooth root that firmly holds the replacement tooth or bridge. The fusion between the jawbone and the implant is known as osseointegration. To prevent the body from identifying the implant as a foreign body, titanium is used to make the implants which allow it to easily integrate with the bone. Dental implants are the closest replacement of a natural tooth, without affecting the teeth near it.   

There are three options related to tooth replacement:

  1. Removal dental appliance (partial or full denture)
  2. Cemented (fixed) dental bridge
  3. Dental implant

The following factors have to be taken into consideration while choosing a tooth replacement option:

  • Cost
  • Location of the missing tooth or teeth
  • Patient’s health
  • Quantity and quality of the jawbone where the implant needs to be placed

Types of Dental Implants:

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  • Endosteal Implants – These implants are directly implanted into the jawbone by a surgery. After the gum tissues of the surrounding area have healed another surgery is done connect a post to the original implant. Lastly, the artificial tooth or teeth are attached to the post.
  • Subperiosteal Implants – Just below the gum tissue, a metal frame is fitted to the jawbone. Posts protrude through the gums, as they are attached to the frame. The teeth are then mounted on the posts.

Benefits of Dental Implants:

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  • Easier Eating – Implants have almost the same strength and stability as natural teeth. They allow individuals to eat whatever food they would be able to eat with their normal teeth. Hence, there is no need to avoid hard food or restrict one’s diet in any manner.
  • Enhances Chewing – The implants are firm. They are strong enough to chew the food properly. This firmness enhances the process of chewing the food.
  • Comfortable – Implants are much more comfortable for the individual. To clean dentures, one needs to remove them. In case of implants, they are just like the person’s teeth; therefore there is no need to take them off. People with implants can brush and floss the implants just like their teeth. 
  • Alignment – Implants are made after studying the teeth structure of an individual. Hence, they do not upset the alignment of the adjacent teeth. In this way they do not shift from their position nor do they spoil the alignment of the individual’s bite.
  • Prevents Infection – The implants fill the gap left by the original tooth. The replacement does not give the bacteria any place to grow and infect the gums. Thus, it also saves the person from various gum diseases.
  • Avoids loss of bone – Missing teeth often result in loss of bones. Dental implants help to protect individuals from such situations. It keeps the stability of the adjacent teeth and the bones intact so that the shape and size of the jaw do not alter.
  • Improved speech – Implants allow better speech as they are firmly fit. In case of dentures, they may slip or may be poorly fitting this may result in the person mumbling or slurring his/her words. Implants allow the person to speak confidently without the fear of his/her teeth slipping off.

Durable – Implants last for a very long time. If good care is taken, they can last a lifetime. They help to improve confidence and boost self-esteem in the individual.

Different types of Porcelain Veneers

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Porcelain veneers are shells made of materials that match the color of the teeth. They are customized to match the individual’s teeth set. They are extremely thin layers that cover the topmost surface of the teeth. These shells are attached to the front of the teeth after altering their shape, length, size or color to match the rest of the teeth. Both porcelain and resin composite materials are used to make these shells. However, porcelain veneers reflect light just like natural teeth and resist stains better than those made of resin composite material.  

Porcelain veneers are made from high quality and durable ceramic to give a seamless, natural look by matching it to the shade of the surrounding teeth. It provides long lasting smile rejuvenation through minimal prep procedure and preserving the original teeth structure. They are customized for especially for each to give a beautiful appearance.  

Porcelain Veneers can fix the fix the following problems:

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  • Chipped or broken teeth
  • Worn down teeth
  • To close the gaps between teeth
  • To get rid of stains or discoloration of the teeth
  • Fix teeth that are irregularly shaped or misaligned

Types of Porcelain Veneers:

Source: healthrow.net

 

  • Lumineers – They are made of cerinate ceramic. Usually, there is no need for drilling or injections while placing these veneers as it is a very thin material. An advantage of this restoration treatment is that it requires minimal or no tooth preparation. Along with that the procedure is considered to be comfortable and takes minimal time. The process does not result in tooth sensitivity and is best suited for those who have gaps between their teeth or minor defects.
  • Zirconium Veneers – This is a stronger restoration procedure as compared to other porcelain veneers. It is used to treat patients with decayed or severely damaged teeth. It offers structural reinforcement to the affected teeth. This procedure also provides durability and takes less time. After reduction of the tooth and making an opaque base, translucent layers are added to it to give the teeth a natural look. They are mostly used for the back teeth as they can prevent premature wearing of the teeth.
  • CEREC Veneers – This is a convenient option for both doctors as well as patients. The dentist proceeds with the restoration process once he/she has taken digital images and prepared the replacement for the teeth. One drawback of this procedure is that the material used in these veneers is of one color. Hence they cannot be processed to match the natural color of the teeth or give a seamless look which is possible with the use of other veneers.
  • Feldspathic Veneers – The construction of this veneer does not require a base. It results in minimal loss of tooth structure due to the requirement of less preparation. These require the skill of a trained technician to design them as they are comparatively harder to place. Thus, the cost involved in this procedure is higher as compared to others.
  • Procera Veneers – Custom made aluminum oxide base with a feldspathic layer on top make up Procera veneers. They look realistic and give an impressive appearance. However, they are thick and require tooth preparation. It is hard to differentiate between them and real teeth as they are designed to match the color and translucency of the original teeth.
  • Empress Veneers – These are strong and require very less tooth preparation. It has a translucent appearance and scatters light naturally. Using this material makes it easier to match it to the shade of the natural teeth. Empress veneers have a pressed ceramic base as the first layer and second layer of glass.
  • E.max Veneers – It gives a natural look by its properties of light and shade transmission. Although it requires highly specialized lab training to go about this method which results in high costs, people prefer it because it is a perfect match against the backdrop of the natural teeth.  

Preventive VS Cosmetic field of Dentistry

Source: dental-tribune.com

Preventive Dentistry: Practices associated with taking care of the teeth and gums to maintain oral hygiene and avoid dental problems such as enamel loss, cavities, gingivitis, periodontitis, etc. constitute Preventive Dentistry. It helps maintain healthy, firm and clean teeth among people of all age groups.

Practices advocated by Preventive Dentistry:

Source: evolvedental.com.au

 

  • Dental Checkups – Individuals are advised to visit their dentists at least twice a year. A proper examination of the teeth and gums can help to spot a problem at the very onset. In such cases, correct treatment can limit further complications. 
  • Balanced Diet – Certain nutrients, vitamins and minerals are essential for healthy teeth and gums. A balanced diet ensures that all the required nutrients are present in the correct amounts. It also limits the intake of food that contains excess amounts of sugar such as carbohydrates that have an ill effect on the teeth and gums.
  • Brushing – The most basic rule of oral hygiene is proper brushing, twice a day. People must brush their teeth gently for an adequate amount of time to remove any residual food particles from the mouth which give rise to cavities and other oral problems.
  • Flossing – Doctors insist on regular flossing so that people can get rid of the food that may get caught in the tight spaces between the teeth. It is especially important for those who wear braces or metal brackets. Also, people should consult a doctor to learn how to floss correctly.  

Benefits:

  • Developing teeth in children are strong and healthy
  • Dental sealants and topical fluoride treatments prevent tooth decay
  • Helps to keep real teeth
  • Limits breeding of harmful bacteria in the oral cavity
  • Protects against diabetes, heart diseases, osteoporosis, cancer, respiratory disease, heart disease, premature birth, etc. that are related to poor oral health

Cosmetic Dentistry: It orients towards improving the appearance of the smile, teeth and mouth. The treatments involved in this field of dentistry are not necessary but rather choices made by individuals, most often in an attempt to look better. Sometimes, they may also serve restorative benefits. 

Common Procedures in Cosmetic Dentistry: 

Source: dental-procedures.weebly.com

 

  • Dental Veneers – It is made especially for every individual patient. It is made of medical grade ceramic and it is natural looking. It is used to fix problem like crooked teeth, gaps between the teeth, cracked or damaged enamel, etc.
  • Implants – These are used as replacements for missing tooth. They are designed just like to original tooth to fit in properly. They are placed into the jawbone using a titanium screw which integrates into the jaw and functions as a natural tooth. 
  • Composite bonding – Composite is used to cover the damaged or decayed area of the enamel. The material is similar to the enamel. The dentist drills out the decay and fills the gap with the material and sculpts it in the proper shape. Lastly, the high intensity light is used for bonding the composite material.
  • Inlays and Onlays – They are made of composite resin material and attached to the teeth with dental adhesives. Inlays are used when there is moderate decay and Onlays are used when greater portions of the teeth are damaged. 

Benefits:

  • Improves appearances
  • Increases confidence
  • Boosts self esteem
  • Long lasting results
  • Short recovery period

The following table shows a comparison between Preventive and Cosmetic Dentistry:

 

PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY COSMETIC DENTISTRY
  • Aims at preventing dental problems that may occur in the future
  • Provides measures before the damage has occurred
  • Related to health and hygiene
  • It is essential
  • Aims at improving appearance of the person related to teeth, mouth and smile
  • Provides measures after the damage is observed
  • Related to beauty and appearance
  • It is optional

 

PERSISTENT TOOTH ACHE – WHAT COULD BE WRONG

In general, pain is a reaction that infers something is wrong with the body. Pain can range from slight sensitivity to serious agony. Tooth ache often arise as a result of the reaction of the teeth’s pulp nerves. The degree of pain depends on the degree and type of stimuli.  

Regardless of how consistent you are about your oral care schedule, sooner or later in your life, you will most likely experience the problem of a toothache. Despite the fact that the teeth cavity is the most probable cause, a lot of other reasons might be the cause of toothache.

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What Do Toothaches Feel Like? 

The severity of a toothache can range from slight to serious, and it might be consistent or irregular. 

The symptoms are: 

  • Fever 
  • Swelling of gum around your teeth 
  • Sensitivity of the teeth after taking cold or hot stuff
  • Sudden pain when you touch your teeth 
  • Unprecedented burning sensation 

 

Causes of Toothaches

  1. Orthodontic Alignment 

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Supports, retainers, and other dental arrangement devices are a typical reason for toothaches. Pain is generally noticed after changes which fix or move teeth; however, the pain dies down after a couple of days. If the pain fails to subside, talk to your dentist about realigning these devices so it doesn’t meddle with your day to day activity. 

  1. Gum Disease 

Gum infection is portrayed by a sharp pain, bleeding gums, and serious toothache. A typical reason for this is the gums and surrounding bones getting swollen. Gums, teeth, and bone can be lost if these symptoms are left unattended.  Surgery might be needed to free the mouth of disease. 

  1. Impacted Wisdom Teeth or Misaligned Teeth

Teeth that are not properly aligned press against each other thus causing unbearable pain. Wisdom teeth that couldn’t get through the gum line can likewise be to a great degree excruciating as they putrefy underneath the gum line and at times push against other teeth. These problems ought to be conveyed to your dental specialist. For misaligned teeth, an orthodontic arrangement will probably be carried out to align affected wisdom teeth. 

  1. Tooth Abscess 

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At the point when tooth rot advances to the point of influencing the root underneath the noticeable tooth, there is a high possibility that the root and the encompassing tissue have turned out to be infected. This will bring about a throbbing pain that may make it difficult to figure out which correct tooth is the cause of the irritation. This is an intense issue and should be professionally managed at the earliest opportunity as it can bring about tissue and bone loss. 

  1. Incorrect Flossing or Brushing 

All the time individuals fail to focus on the pressure they exert when they brush and floss their teeth. They end up using more pressure than normal to the detriment of their teeth. This causes inflammation, irritation, and bleeding of the gums.  Excess pressure also leads to receding of gums which directly result in a toothache. Consult your dental practitioner about the right brushing strategies and ensure you utilize soft toothbrushes. 

  1. Tooth Decay 

            Source: northroaddentalcentre.com.au

The most widely recognized explanation behind a difficult toothache is tooth decay. Tooth decay is no respecter of persons as it is something that can affect anybody. For the tooth and the encompassing region to cause pain, the tooth rot would need to be sufficiently huge to impact the internal layer of the tooth, a layer known as the dentin. Once the dentin is harmed, the tooth develops a cavity and turns out to be extremely delicate. 

In the event that the pain turns out to be less of a slight issue and to a greater degree a sharp torment, the tooth rot may have reached the focal point of the tooth. This leads to an extremely serious pain that makes it hard to continue with daily activities. These issues should be tended to at the earliest opportunity as they are difficult as well as can rapidly prompt greater dental problems. 

In case you’re encountering any of these indications depicted above and have gone this entire rundown trying to make sense of what is wrong with you – visit your dental specialist today. A basic examination can figure out what’s happening, and the sooner you do it the better. Postponing can make a basic issue develop into a bigger one just from disregard.