Source : openpr.com
Dental implants prove to be a great solution for those who have lost their teeth due to accident or with age. One can gain back their lost smile and confidence by replacing their damaged and missing teeth with dental implants. The implants are made from titanium metal and are inserted into the patient’s jawbone underneath the gum tissue that serves as an anchor for the artificial teeth.
Transosteal Implant Anatomy
The transosteal implant is mainly used in the lower or the mandible jaw. The transosteal implant is inserted into the jaw bone of the patient after U-shaped metal frames, or metal pins are inserted into the bone and the alveolar sockets. It is followed by the placing of the artificial teeth on top.
The transosteal implants are inserted with the help of a metal frame in the shape of the letter U in the lower jaw. On the other hand, if metal pins are used instead of the u-shaped metal plate, the individual pins are stabilized with the help of a metal plate located at the base of the jaw. The term “transosteal” has a literal meaning that stands for “through the bone.”
Why are such implants not in use these days?
The year 1953 marked the beginning of the transosteal implant that designed in two distinct models. Both of these models of the implant makes the use of the metal base plate.
The Transosteal implants are known for its less than impressive success rate in the long run. It is known for complications that could result in instances of discomfort to the patient. The success rate of any implant rests upon the following facts.
- Less than 1 mm movement of the implant in any direction
- There is less than 1/3 loss of vertical height of the bone by the patient
- No visible signs of damage or infection to the surrounding tissue or teeth
- The implant is functioning properly for at least five years
There are a number of complications that patients with Transosteal implants suffer from and they include implant site infection, gingival hyperplasia, crestal bone loss. All of these are observed complications according to the University of Minnesota. On top of that, the procedure is known to cause excruciating pain along with extensive tissue scarring in the patient that underwent surgery.
Patients with Transosteal Implants
Individuals who underwent transosteal implant surgery should undergo periodic medical health evaluation from their dental specialists. It is of utmost importance to maintain optimum oral hygiene in case no other visible signs of complications is seen or felt at the moment to avert future complications. Daily brushing of teeth using medicated toothpaste, followed by gargling with alcohol containing mouthwash and flossing before bed should be the daily oral hygiene routine.
The endosteal implant has replaced the transosteal implant. The endosteal implant makes the use of a procedure that is designed to avert the issues related to transosteal implants altogether. The success rate and overall longevity of the endosteal implants are much higher than the transosteal implant.
Patients that underwent procedures for inserting the transosteal implant in their jaw should regularly visit their dental specialist for a medical evolution of the current state of the dental implant. The best course of action for a person with a transoteal implant that has no issues with the same is to maintain a strict routine to avert future complications. Plaque and bacteria are the two major contributors in causing problems with dental implants in the first place. With the rise in dental implant and medical procedure costs, it is strongly advised to maintain perfect and strict oral health for avoiding oral problems altogether.