In general, pain is a reaction that infers something is wrong with the body. Pain can range from slight sensitivity to serious agony. Tooth ache often arise as a result of the reaction of the teeth’s pulp nerves. The degree of pain depends on the degree and type of stimuli.  

Regardless of how consistent you are about your oral care schedule, sooner or later in your life, you will most likely experience the problem of a toothache. Despite the fact that the teeth cavity is the most probable cause, a lot of other reasons might be the cause of toothache.


What Do Toothaches Feel Like? 

The severity of a toothache can range from slight to serious, and it might be consistent or irregular. 

The symptoms are: 

  • Fever 
  • Swelling of gum around your teeth 
  • Sensitivity of the teeth after taking cold or hot stuff
  • Sudden pain when you touch your teeth 
  • Unprecedented burning sensation 


Causes of Toothaches

  1. Orthodontic Alignment 


Supports, retainers, and other dental arrangement devices are a typical reason for toothaches. Pain is generally noticed after changes which fix or move teeth; however, the pain dies down after a couple of days. If the pain fails to subside, talk to your dentist about realigning these devices so it doesn’t meddle with your day to day activity. 

  1. Gum Disease 

Gum infection is portrayed by a sharp pain, bleeding gums, and serious toothache. A typical reason for this is the gums and surrounding bones getting swollen. Gums, teeth, and bone can be lost if these symptoms are left unattended.  Surgery might be needed to free the mouth of disease. 

  1. Impacted Wisdom Teeth or Misaligned Teeth

Teeth that are not properly aligned press against each other thus causing unbearable pain. Wisdom teeth that couldn’t get through the gum line can likewise be to a great degree excruciating as they putrefy underneath the gum line and at times push against other teeth. These problems ought to be conveyed to your dental specialist. For misaligned teeth, an orthodontic arrangement will probably be carried out to align affected wisdom teeth. 

  1. Tooth Abscess 


At the point when tooth rot advances to the point of influencing the root underneath the noticeable tooth, there is a high possibility that the root and the encompassing tissue have turned out to be infected. This will bring about a throbbing pain that may make it difficult to figure out which correct tooth is the cause of the irritation. This is an intense issue and should be professionally managed at the earliest opportunity as it can bring about tissue and bone loss. 

  1. Incorrect Flossing or Brushing 

All the time individuals fail to focus on the pressure they exert when they brush and floss their teeth. They end up using more pressure than normal to the detriment of their teeth. This causes inflammation, irritation, and bleeding of the gums.  Excess pressure also leads to receding of gums which directly result in a toothache. Consult your dental practitioner about the right brushing strategies and ensure you utilize soft toothbrushes. 

  1. Tooth Decay 


The most widely recognized explanation behind a difficult toothache is tooth decay. Tooth decay is no respecter of persons as it is something that can affect anybody. For the tooth and the encompassing region to cause pain, the tooth rot would need to be sufficiently huge to impact the internal layer of the tooth, a layer known as the dentin. Once the dentin is harmed, the tooth develops a cavity and turns out to be extremely delicate. 

In the event that the pain turns out to be less of a slight issue and to a greater degree a sharp torment, the tooth rot may have reached the focal point of the tooth. This leads to an extremely serious pain that makes it hard to continue with daily activities. These issues should be tended to at the earliest opportunity as they are difficult as well as can rapidly prompt greater dental problems. 

In case you’re encountering any of these indications depicted above and have gone this entire rundown trying to make sense of what is wrong with you – visit your dental specialist today. A basic examination can figure out what’s happening, and the sooner you do it the better. Postponing can make a basic issue develop into a bigger one just from disregard. 


Oral Surgery Basics: What Is It And How Do You Prepare For It?


A lot of people often take their oral health for granted. What many don’t know is that their mouths very much reflect the hygiene that their overall personality project. Due to this passive approach, numerous individuals get dental complications. In the end, tooth extraction and other related procedures may not be the only option to address oral problems. 


In advanced cases, dental physicians turn to maxillofacial surgery for solution. It may sound disturbing and very serious which may cause for you to fear or worry. If you are unsure of whether to resort to this type of dental surgery, then, talk to a therapist (anonymous chat is possible) for comfort and support. Dentists may be too cold or overly practical and they may fail to explain to you why you really need surgery. 


Oral Incision


The truth is dental operations are common. In terms of tooth extrication, the most notable is the removal of wisdom tooth. Considering that this problem is deeply embedded, a drilling process is necessary to normalize gum inflammation. In addition, rotten dentition may also need surgery to eliminate impacted or broken tooth bits.


If you have persistent oral issues, there is a chance that you will need surgery. For instance, if you want to keep your teeth in place, you can opt for a root canal procedure. If you want to straighten or align your pearly whites, you can also choose to have implants inside your mouth.


Cosmetic Surgery


The field of cosmetics is very much popular nowadays. However, this trend is not merely about enhancing your face or other parts of your body. Making your smile attractive and whitening your teeth are procedures that contribute to your total disposition. This is where braces come in.


Dental Operation Approach


Dental surgery is not merely an approach to correct your oral and facial structure. It is done to normalize the movement process inside your mouth. Along the way, dentists make sure that you become comfortable and at ease with the methods being instituted and completed.


You should take note that undergoing surgery needs some preparations. Your doctor must tell you why the process is essential. You should also know what to expect after the operation. Consulting with your dentist must also tackle the medications to be taken. This allows you to eliminate routine activities like driving since the effects of sedatives and anesthesia can impair you.


Oral Surgery Lookout


In addition, dentists will advise you to abstain from alcohol. There are also drugs that you must not take since such substances will complicate your situation. For instance, aspirin is banned since it may promote excessive bleeding.  Moreover, regular aspects of dental hygiene should be done. You still need to brush and to floss after eating.


As part of the operation method, you are advised to eliminate unnecessary accessories. Jewelry and other related items must go. Since you will be sleeping for most of the procedure, contact lenses must not be used. 


Dental Care


Post-surgery consultation is done to complement the completed procedure. Aside from taking your medications, there are other steps to follow. A list of food to hasten your recovery should be followed. It is vital that you only eat soft stuff so as not to aggravate your teeth or your gums. 


Dental and Mental Health


If complications arise, you may have to return to your dentist for a checkup. Along the way, it is essential that you stick to your dental hygiene routine. In addition to brushing your teeth, you must continue flossing and using mouthwash.




Have you at any point overheard the expression, “One is as healthy as what he/she eats” This school of thought applies to the sort of toothpaste or mouthwash you use.  The type of tooth paste or mouthwash you use is a direct indication of your dental requirements. 

Toothpaste is, for the most part, noted as an essential need of everybody in the present day world. The majority of us underestimate the fact that our teeth should be brushed at least two to three times daily to keep it healthy. In any case, toothpaste’s prestige as a worldwide necessity has prompted its excessive supply in the market. 

Toothpaste doesn’t simply clean the teeth; it likewise evacuates the microbes that lead to terrible breath and dental plaque. As food meets with dental plaque microbes, they combine to generate a corrosive that disturbs the teeth and in the long run causes tooth rot. Continuous development of dental plaque microbes can eventually lead to other dental issues including gum ailment. These microbes likewise create unstable sulfur particles which lead to bad breath. 

Constituents used in making Toothpaste and mouthwash help fight dental issues and bacteria. Most toothpaste contains cleansing agents which make a frothing activity to evacuate dental plaque and food particles. Abrasives help include some additional cleaning vigor to help get rid of stains that can destroy the tooth enamel when used excessively. Breath fresheners are also utilized to make the mouth feel fresh and clean, Additional flavors avoid the toothpaste from going insipid. 

A great toothbrush joined with the correct toothpaste and mouthwash, is essential to maintaining a good oral health. The tips below should be considered when choosing the most appropriate toothpaste or mouthwash.  



  1. Fluoride content

Source: :

Ensure fluoride is a constituent in any toothpaste you would purchase. Fluoride is the main constituent that strengthens the enamel and protects the tooth from decay. Our enamel is constantly bombarded by acids and fluorides help to repair the whole structure. A very good toothpaste should have about 1,000 parts per million of fluoride. 

Fluoride is especially imperative for diabetics, as it helps evacuate plaque. A contaminated mouth is deadly to a diabetic patient. It’s therefore vital to keep your mouth, gums, and teeth as clean as could reasonably be expected. 


  1. Search for the ADA endorsement seal

It’s advisable to select toothpaste or mouthwash endorsed by the American Dental Association (ADA), as they ensure every item with their seal meets certain guidelines. The toothpaste cover will have the ADA logo on it if it is endorsed by this association. The American Dental Association helps buyers to easily identify sub-standard products. Items with the American Dental Association (ADA) Seal of Acceptance are a decent option since it has been tried for viability and appropriate ingredients. Items with this seal must renew at a 3-year interval, consequently keeping up the prescribed standard. 



2. Whitening Options 




Whitening toothpaste and mouthwash contain both revitalizing agents and ordinary constituents that shield teeth from rot. While more grounded toothpaste are accessible, they shouldn’t generally be utilized all the time, so it is a smart idea to figure out what is best for you. 


  1. Desensitizing 

In case you have sensitive teeth, you should buy toothpaste intended to help battle that issue. The label should clearly state that it is implied for sensitive teeth. Outrageous sensitivity to hot and frosty sensations can be very painful. Toothpaste alternatives made particularly to treat tooth sensitivity are lifelines for individuals who are frequently affected. 


  1. Taste 

Obviously, individuals infrequently utilize items when they detest them. Picking toothpaste that tastes lovely to the user makes the whole experience more appealing. A dental specialist can be asked to recommend toothpaste or mouthwash based on client needs and various options can be tested until satisfaction is guaranteed. 


  1. Pick one intended for kids 


When you are searching for toothpaste for your kids, it’s vital to pick one outlined particularly for them. Kids will probably swallow toothpaste, and kids’ toothpaste regularly don’t contain sodium lauryl sulfate, which shouldn’t be ingested. Also, grown-up toothpaste is hostile on the enamel, so they shouldn’t be utilized on kids’ teeth.



Periodontal disease otherwise called the disease of the gum is triggered by the build-up of bacterial plaque in between the teeth and the gum. As soon as the bacteria replicate, the gums around the teeth can be affected and swollen. 

If this inflammation is left unattended to, it can affect the structure of the bone and gums. This can also cause tooth damage and gum recession. Furthermore, dental research has revealed that gum disease is related toheart problems and diabetes. Periodontal disease includes a group of severe and prolonged conditions recognized by swelling of the periodontal tissues because of dental plaque.

Majority of the affected people can prevent periodontal disease by inculcating proper oral hygiene.  Many elements increase the likelihood of a patient having periodontal disease. Out of these factors, diabetes and smoking are the most important risk factors. Smoking disrupts healing process, decreases gingival blood and escalates the production of inflammation-causing cytokines. Thus, patients that smoke find it difficult and sometimes impossible to respond to treatment for periodontal disease when compared with non-smokers. They are also very likely to permanently lose their teeth sooner.

Another group of people susceptible to periodontal disease are diabetes patients. Diabetes when not properly treated increases the risk of periodontal disease. Diabetes also makes the treatment process more complicated and has an adverse effect on the healing process. According to experts in the medical field, there exists a connection between cardiovascular disease and periodontal disease. Family history can also predispose a person to the growth of periodontal disease. Other predisposing factors for periodontal disease are rheumatoid arthritis, obesity, diet, stress and osteoporosis.  


Prevention of Periodontal disease


Even though there are several means tohandling periodontal disease, the importance of preventive tactics cannot be overestimated. Moderate periodontitis is common in a majority of smokers and this implies that smoking termination is an important preventive method for periodontal disease patients.Avoiding smoke totally also seems to be significant in preventing Periodontal disease. Medical researchers havediscovered that environmental tobacco smoke is more than twice as likely to cause periodontal disease, as were people with negligible exposure. People who smoke should be asked to stop smoking and patients at the risk of periodontal disease should totallycircumvent environmental exposure to tobacco smoke. 

Other measures that may help prevent periodontal disease include brushing the teeth at least twice a day, avoidance of sweet foods, beverages and alcohol, use of a soft bristle brush and fluoridated toothpaste and daily flossing.  It should also be noted that brushing consistently has been linked with reduced periodontal swelling which eventually leads to a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. Physicians should advise patients to minimize the use of medications with oral side effects, receive dental care bi-annually and help patients gain access to care. 

Daily flossing andbrushing combined with regular visits for expertteeth cleaning would help prevent periodontal disease or allow you to treat it during the initial stages. The prognosis is good if the disease is recognized early and treated aggressively. Once there is a bone loss, the prognosis depends on the extent of the loss. Quitting smoking is very imperative to the success of periodontal treatment. Permanent maintenance will be necessary once the infection is controlled.


Treatment of periodontal disease 


Treatment of periodontal diseasedepends on the extent of thedisease. Physicianscategorize the disease as mild, moderate, or severe.


Mild periodontitis is typically treated first with a comprehensive cleaning called root flattening and scaling. This process removes the calculus or plaque deposited on the gum line and crown of the teeth. This is carried out for two main purposes; namely to get rid of plaques and to smoothen the teeth roots in other to keep out bacteria. Combined with proper oral hygiene, this is a very effective treatment.

Moderate periodontitis requires more than root flattening and scaling. The dentist has to scale and plane the teeth. If this doesn’t solve the problem, surgical treatment might be required to reshape the gums to fit the teeth. 

Severe periodontitis is the most critical stage at which tooth loss is very likely. Here, surgery is the only solution.


Irrespective of the treatment the patient chooses to undergo, it is necessary to inculcate consistent brushing and flossing to restore the teeth to perfect condition.



Periodontal or gum disease is a pathological inflammation of the periodontal tissues (gum and bone support) surrounding the teeth. The inflammation of the gum line and the teeth support is a process and it occurs in three distinct stages, the initial stage is called gingivitis and it is characterized by the swelling, irritation, and redness of the gingiva, the second stage is called periodontitis and it is associated with the breakdown of the alveolar bone which connects the teeth to the jaw, while the final stage is called advanced periodontitis.

Periodontitis is usually characterized by the destruction of the supporting tissues of the teeth which leads to the development of cavities between the tooth and the gums. This in turn ultimately lead to teeth loss. It is common for those suffering from periodontitis to experience two distinct periods, the first being a period of rapid growth of the disease and second a period of remission.

Periodontitis operates in a covert way as it is painless and not easily detectable except during the early stages of the disease where patients may have bleeding gums as they brush their teeth. However, as the disease progresses, the bleeding stops and the signs of the disease are not very obvious again.



  • Poor dental care habits: One of the major causes of periodontal disease results from not having a good dental habit that involves brushing twice daily and flossing atleast once per day. Additionally, habits like grinding and clenching of the teeth that are not entirely harmful by themselves can if done with relative consistency, lead to the development of other diseases especially if the gum was inflamed, to begin with. The simple truth is that these habits exert pressure on the oral cavity and increase the rate of ligament and bone breakdown.
  • Poor nutrition:A good diet is crucial to maintaining a healthy oral cavity. Foods rich in vitamin C are essential as they help to increase the strengths of bones and teeth.
  • Smoking and chewing of tobacco: Smoking of cigarette causes bad breath and tobacco chewing leads to the discoloring of the teeth and increases the likelihood of contracting periodontal diseases or even makes it worse for those who already have periodontal disease.


    • Hormonal imbalance: Fluctuating hormonal levels in the body cause changes in the mouth. Stages like puberty, menopause, and menstrual cycles and even during pregnancy can make individuals highly vulnerable to gum disease.
    • Genetics: Genes have been linked to individuals having a risk of contracting periodontal diseases. However, this risk can be greatly reduced and entirely prevented with good dental hygiene.
    • Age: As individuals get older, it is very common for them to have issues with their teeth.
    • Medications:Some certain medications are known to cause dry mouth which leads to having a mouth odor and consequently periodontal disease.
    • Diseases:One of the symptoms of some diseases like diabetes is having a bad mouth odor which can be a precursor to periodontal disease.


  • Stress


  • Eating garlic and onions
  • Having braces or misaligned teeth 



Periodontal disease can be very silent and covert in the way it spreads. Most times, it is painless and not easily detectable. It is, however, advisable to be on the lookout for the following signs;



  • Bleeding gums or Tendons
  • Red swollen gums 
  • Chewing food with pains
  • Persistent Mouth odor 
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Loose teeth
  • Awful taste in the mouth
  • Receding gums 
  • Visible pus surrounding the teeth and gums



The best way to determine that one has a periodontal disease is to visit the dentist, who will then review the medical history of the patient to confirm if he/she cultivates harmful habits like smoking and drinking etc. that causes periodontal disease. 

The dentist will also examine the patient’s mouth in search of plaques and bleeding gum. He may also use the dental probe to measure the pocket depth of the groove between the patient’s gum and teeth. Dental X-rays may also be done to access those interior areas of tooth loss that the dentist cannot see with his naked eye. 



Halitosis commonly called bad breath is generally concerned with the unpleasant or offensive odor that comes out of the oral cavity of Individuals who do not undertake proper dental health habits. Mouth odor may be persistent and long lasting or in some cases occur from time to time depending on the cause and may be the symptom of other health conditions. Thus, it is quite necessary to consult a physician as soon as possible in order to identify and resolve the problem appropriately.   

The oral cavity or mouth is home to millions of micro-organisms, most especially bacteria which dwell on the underside of the tongue. The activities of these micro-organisms are believed to be the major cause of mouth odor. Mouth odor is usually influenced greatly by the health habits of the individual, the type of food or drinks he/she takes and whether or not he/she smokes or takes tobacco. 

It should be noted that some mouth odor are natural. For example, it is common to wake up in the morning with your mouth smelling a bit. This is referred to as “morning mouth” and it occurs due to the changes in your mouth while you sleep. The body secretes more saliva during the day that is very useful in wiping away the un-swallowed food particles and consequently preventing bad odor from the oral cavity, but this is not the case during the night as the body secrets less saliva while you sleep, making the mouth very dry and this enables dead cells to stick to the tongue and the inside of the cheeks. The bad odor in the morning is as a result of the bacteria acting on these dead cells. 

Causes of Mouth Odor



  • Nature of oral health: This deals with the dental hygiene habits of the individual, whether or not they brush twice in a day and also floss at least once per day to ensure that they reduce the risks of contracting periodontal disease and also bad mouth odor.
  • Mouth Infections: These are usually caused when proper dental health habits are not adopted leading to the development of plaques which leads to gingivitis and either tooth cavity or ultimately periodontal disease.
  • Respiratory tract infections: This deals with infections that affect the respiratory system and sometimes prevent proper breathing. They include pneumonia, Throat infections, sinus or lung infections 
  • Eating, drinking and smoking habits: Ideal dental health adherence ensures that when you take foods like garlic and onions, you should make sure that you do not go to bed without properly taking care of your oral cavity. Similarly, drinking coffee tea or red wine, smoking cigarette, and chewing tobacco leads to the discoloring of the teeth and contributes greatly to having a mouth odor. 
  • Dry mouth (xerostomia): The inability of the salivary gland to secrete a healthy quantity of saliva daily is referred to as dry mouth and it can be caused by medications and old age. It ultimately results in having a mouth odor.
  • Sickness: Mouth odor has been linked as one of the symptoms of a number of sicknesses which include reflux disease, liver disease, sinus disease, kidney disease, lung disease etc. 





 Most times, people who have bad mouth odor are blissfully unaware of the fact and may only take notice when their social life begins to take a nose dive as friends begin to step away as they talk. Other signs to take note of include a mouth infection, sickness, dry mouth and respiratory tract infections that directly result in mouth odor.

Preventive Habits

 A number of healthy dental habits can be adopted to prevent bad odor. They include:

  • Following the recommended brushing of the teeth twice daily and flossing at least once per day
  • Drinking of large quantities of water daily to help the body produce more saliva and prevent dry mouth.
  • Visiting the dentist at least twice annually and sticking to the dentist’s recommendations.


One of the body parts that many have chosen to take lightly is the mouth and its health is very much as important as other parts of the body. This article is intended to widen your horizon and broaden your knowledge on dental health.

What is Dental Health?


Dental is a term used in relation to one’s teeth (…relating to your teeth) and health is the general condition of your body. So combining these definitions, dental health is the general condition of your teeth. It goes further as to describing how clean it is, the strength of each tooth, the state of the gums and much more.

Are there myths about dental health?

We must have heard a lot of speculations about our teeth and its care, and most times we have been led on the wrong path of knowledge as these supposed truths don’t have medical backings and should be taken as a false message. 

Below are some of the myths associated with oral/dental health:



  • Tooth decay is mainly caused by sugar: You must have heard that excessive consumption of sugary foods will cause tooth decay. This is not totally true. While sugar plays a role in tooth decay, it is not the main/only cause of tooth decay. Acids from naturally occurring bacteria in the mouth combine with saliva resulting in plaque build-up on the teeth.
  • Gum disease isn’t very common: A study by the Centres for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) indicates that 47 percent of adults from age 30 upwards have some form of gum disease. 64 percent of adults from age 65 upwards have either moderate or severe gum disease. So, gum disease is actually very common.
  • Having diabetes means you’ll have gum disease: This is not totally accurate as having diabetes is not a free pass to having gum disease. Though diabetes affects the processing of sugar in the body and thus may lead to issues with the heart, kidneys, eyes, and nerves. The poor regulation of the blood sugar makes it hard to curb common issues but it doesn’t cause an infection of the gums.Those who have diabetes can still do without having their gums infected; they just need to take adequate care of their teeth as much as every other part of the body.
  • The more you brush your teeth, the healthier they will be: Too much application of some activities is not good and such is the case of over-brushing the teeth. Over-brushing the teeth will not make them healthier or whiter, it will only tend to the wearing of the teeth due to the abrasive property of toothpaste. Constant rinsing of the mouth is advised instead and the twice-a-day brushing routine.
  • Teeth whitening are harmful as it can damage the teeth: “Nothing good comes easy” is a statement of fact as the whitening process is a good thing and it is not harmful and won’t affect the enamel when it is done professionally. There are various teeth whitening products, but it is better and safer to get a recommendation from the dentist and ensure that it is done by a professional or with the right procedure. Though it may cause gum redness on a short term,it isn’t harmful.

After carefully considering some common myths, it is expected to re-brand your knowledge on the topic.

Is brushing the teeth enough?


In taking care of the teeth, brushing alone is not enough as there are parts the brush cannot reach and rinsing cannot clean, so there is a need to floss the teeth.Flossing helps to clean the teeth better as it cleans the spaces between the teeth. Floss comes with various qualities but it is safer to get a recommendation from your dentist than to go for any brand. Though they will all attempt to do the work, get a dentist to recommend one for you for safety reasons.

For effectiveness, flossing should be done daily and most preferably after brushing. It prevents gum diseases, tooth decay and also bad breath. It also has to be done right, so while getting a recommendation,you should confirm the procedure from the dentist.